1973: Coup d'état; Major-General Juvénal Habyarimana assumes power. He founds a new party (1975, NDLR), the National Revolutionary Movement for Development (Mouvement Révolutionnaire National pour le Développement, MRND). Beginning of the Second Republic.
1978: MRND becomes Rwanda's only party under a new constitution. Habyarimana is confirmed as President in 1978, 1983 and 1988, with more than 99% of the vote.