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Rwanda Rugali
2002 Recurrent Budget: 40% was to be covered by foreign aid


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Forte croissance et misère


Lier l'aide à la démocratisation? Pas une mauvaise idée!

6 mois sans aides!
"Nous avons tenu 6 mois sans aides internationales" (Le Ministre des Finances et de la Planification Economique Donald) KABERUKA:"à ce stade le Rwanda vient de passer ces six derniers mois sans recevoir d'aide internationale. Malgré que certaines personnes disent que nous ne pouvons exister sans l'aide internationale, vous voyez que le Rwanda se suffit. Les salaires ont été  payés régulièrement, les prix n'ont pas augmenté. L'arrivée des fonds en provenance de l'extérieur a  pris du retard  en raison des négociations que nous menons avec les institutions financières internationales qui nous assistent. Ces négociations sont maintenant terminées, nous sommes parvenus à un accord, les fonds seront disponibles dans les prochains mois. Cela fait plaisir de voir  que nous avons pu nous en sortir seuls!" (pour la traduction complète de l'article dont est tiré cet extrait contacter pour les modalités)

Donald Kaberuka
Le Ministre des finances

Le Budget de Kigali est opaque
Dans le rapport du FMI publié vendredi, Kigali est appelé en particulier à faire un effort en matière de transparence budgétaire "y compris sur les dépenses de défense", et à renforcer son système de gestion de la dette. La Banque (Nationale) du Rwanda est invitée à "suivre de près le développement de l'argent en circulation".


Pour nos bailleurs de fonds, il faut non seulement quitter le
Congo mais aussi
Kigali doit présenter un Certificat
de Bonne Gouvernance et Démocratie
(Les) leaders des pays en développement, (...) doivent promouvoir, dans
leurs pays et dans leurs régions, la démocratie, la bonne gouvernannce,
la lutte contre la corruption, l'amélioration des systèmes financières, etc - J. Wolfensohn.

James Wolfensohn (Photo BM)
Le Président de la Banque Mondiale


J. Wolfensohn à l'Assemblée de Transition

Stop being dependent! - Kagame

Donor Diplomacy

2002 Development Aid Funds Disbursement: Rwanda Told To Leave Congo First


- Pres. Kagame: "Banyarwanda, no more free lunch!",

- Pres. Wolfenson: "No more free ride"


"(...)Rwanda has programmes with the IMF and the World Bank. We have done our best to satisfy them on our deserving case to be assisted on the basis of merit. At the last minute, however, when we were going to have the extension of the programme tabled and endorsed, some 'blessed' people came up to say, 'don't help Rwanda, because they have troops in the DRC and are overspending on defence.' But these are issues we discussed and resolved to the satisfaction of the IMF itself. I believe that there may be abuse of power by some board members of these institutions (...)".


President Paul Kagame, Kigali  August 8th, 2002. Opening speech for the Comprehensive Threat Assessment for Rwanda workshop (complete doc. at in news). 

Wondering how Kigali makes ends meet?

For 2002, Rwandese governement expected 40% of its recurrent budget financed by external donors and 88% of its capital budget

"The total recurrent Budget is 125.8 billion, an increase of 21.6 billion or
17%. The Development Budget is increased by 22% to 72.4 billion. The
Total Budget (including arrears debt and net lending) increases by 19%
from 187.5 billion to 228.6 billion.

In 2001, external disbursement totalled some US$84 million in recurrent budget support from major donors.
As I have mentioned in the past, this continued dependence on external support recurrent expenditure is not desirable. This year 2001 external resources financed about 35% of our recurrent Budget. In the coming
year the figure will be 40%.

In the course of 2002, to fill the gap between domestic revenues and expenditures, we expect external disbursements to increase from 84
million US Dollars this year to 107 million US$ or about 48 billion
francs. These will be from Debt Relief, EU, UK, AfDB and the
World Bank. I am also pleased to announce to the House that two
more countries have agreed to provide budgetary support to Rwanda;
these are Sweden beginning this year to the tune of 11 million Kroners
and the Netherlands beginning next year. I would like on your behalf
to express Governments appreciation to these two countries for their solidarity with our country.

This proposed budget would raise the overall deficit from 9.8% to just
above 12% of GDP.

The increase in the Budget estimates for 2002 is a response to a packed agenda of policies; many of which cannot be postponed:
Implementation of the different components of the Poverty Reducing Programs; Decentralization and the need to allocate resources to the
Districts, resources which will finance development programs in the villages.
I refer in particular to the Common Development Fund; Demobilization and reintegration a result of the Lusaka Peace Process; Gacaca implementation;
Formulation of a new Constitution and strengthening Good Governance Institutions; Conducting a general population census in August 2002.

Providing adequately for counterpart funding necessaryto increase our absorptive capacity.
Payment of arrears on goods and services as audited bythe Auditor general

This year Rwanda will export US$ 94 million and importUS$ 243 million.

Gacaca, the budget of which will increase from Rwf 1.8billion to Rwf 2.3 billion in 2002

The total capital budget for 2002 amounts to Rwf 96.9billion and is funded
by Rwanda by 12%. It comprises a total of 166 projects, 83 of these are
new projects committed for implementation in 2002.
In line with the agreement with these multilateral institutions, the proceeds of the debt relief amount to US$ 14.8 million in Poverty Reduction Program are
to be used to fight poverty.

On security

One element which has always been a subject of difficult negotiations between us, donors and financial institutions, is the level of our security expenditures.
I repeat what I said last year on the issue of Defence and Security. It is often said that Rwanda is spending more than it can afford on Defence.
The reality is that Rwanda spends not enough on its security in relation to challenges it face. Unless Rwandans and residents of Rwanda can feel secure
economic development and other social programmes are not possible. Investment will not take place. Defence expenditures have constantly declined since 1997, at 3% of GDP* it is lower than any time in the last 10 years. Despite these challenges we have maintained in this budget defence expenditure at same level as last year. We are however providing resources for further recruitment into the National Police Force to enable this young force to increase its capability to deter crime."

Extracts from
Ministry of Finance & Economic Planning



26th November 2001
* We calculated that the apparently small 3% of GDP allocated to our military is approximately 25% of the recurrent budget.

Le Parlement n'y a vu que du feu

Ingoro y'Inteko Ishinga Amategeko ku Kimihurura

et s'en est allé tranquillement dans un congé "bien mérité". Si le FMI n'a rien compris à notre budget, les parlementaires ont eux choisi de faire confiance à leur gouvernement... alors que sa raison d'être est de le contrôler!
Ingengo y'Imari: inshingano ikomeye y'Inteko
Amaherezo Izigwa!
Ku itariki 2 Nyakanga Ministiri w'Imari yatangaje imibare mishya (Frw miliyari 207 aho kuba 235 nk'uko yari yabiteganyije mu gushyingo 2001) y'ingengo y'imari yizeza inteko ko imfashanyo zikabakaba 1/2 cy'ingengo y'imari zizaboneka mu gihe kitarambiranye.
Tariki 15 z'uko kwezi, inteko yakiriye prezida w'Ikigega cy'Isi. Ibyo yababwiye biri haruguru mu gifaransa. Tariki 1 Kanama, hakiriwe Ministiri w'Intebe Bernard Makuza, abazwa ku mutingito wa Goma wabaye mu kwa mbere. Kuri 14 z'uko kwezi intumwa z'amashyaka mu nteko zafashe ikiruhuko. Zizasubukura imirimo kuri 15 Nzeri. (RR, 27/08/02)

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